Chord Creation
Lessons in this Section:
How chords are created [ Root Notes ]

A chord is a group of tones that, when played at the same time, compliment each other. A basic chord is built by combining the root, the third, and the fifth tones of a musical scale.

How chords are created
A good example to analyze is the D major chord as shown below.
The open fourth string (D) is the root of the chord. The third (F#) is voiced by fingering the second fret of the first string with the second finger. The fifth (A) is voiced by fingering the second fret of the third string with the first finger. The root is then voiced again by fingering the third fret of the second string with the third finger. This repeated root tone is called an octave (See Octaves).

A D major chord is derived from the D major scale.

The notes of the D major scale are:

Key
1st Note
2nd Note
3rd Note
4th Note
5th Note
6th Note
7th Note
D
D
E
F#
G
A
B
C#

 

Now if you take the fist note, the third note, and then the fifth note of the D major scale you get the notes D - F# - A. This is a D Major chord! This is how all chords are created! Lets move on. Were still in the D major scale. Lets take the 2nd note, the 4th note, and the 6th note E - G - B. Im just moving up the pattern. These notes make up an E minor chord. When you continue this pattern you get the following chords in the key of D Major. The Roman Numerals are just a different way of writing 1,2,3 etc.

In the major scale the pattern of chords goes like this:

Key
I-MAJ
II-MIN
III-MIN
IV-MAJ
V-MAJ
VI-MIN
VII-DIM
D
D
Em
F#m
G
A
Bm
C#dim

In the major scale the pattern of chords goes like this:

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
MAJ
MIN
MIN
MAJ
MAJ
MIN
DIM

These are the basics on how chords are created.

 

 

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